Colloidal silver is a suspension of submicroscopic metallic silve

Colloidal silver is a suspension of submicroscopic metallic silver particles of about 0.001 microns in size, the presence of particles results in the overall

increased surface area [2, 3]. Colloidal silver has been used as disinfectant of foods and water in Mexico; it acts by disabling the oxygen metabolism enzymes in bacteria, which ultimately kills microorganisms. In vitro evidence has shown that bacterial isolates of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus are highly susceptible to colloidal silver treatment [4]. Although Wortmannin cell line the use of colloidal silver as an antimicrobial agent is recognized [4], there are scarce reports on its use as antitumor agent; among these, there is a recent report on the anti-proliferative effect of silver nanoparticles on human glioblastoma cells (U251) in vitro [5]. Cancer is an important cause of mortality worldwide and the number of people who are affected is increasing, being

the breast cancer one of the major causes of death in women [6]. The origin of cancer cells can be related to metabolic alteration, such as mitochondrial increase of glycolysis, LY333531 cost which largely depends on this metabolic pathway needed to convert glucose into pyruvate, for the generation of ATP to meet cancer cell energy needs. Many cancer cell types produce ATP by conversion of glucose to lactate and exhibit lower oxidative phosphorylation, and accelerated glycolysis ensures ATP levels compatible with the demands of fast proliferating tumor cells in a hypoxic selleck kinase inhibitor environment [7, 8]. Furthermore, many reports have shown cellular changes Methane monooxygenase resulting from oxidative stress produced by the generation of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI) in tumor

cells, which increases the cytotoxicity activity of the drugs [9]; the oxidative stress is a loss of balance between ROI production and intracellular antioxidants such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (Gpx), and extracellular antioxidants. Although there is a wide range of cytotoxic agents used in the treatment of breast cancer, such as doxorubicin, cisplatin, and bleomycin, they have shown drawbacks in their use and are not as efficient as expected [10]. Therefore, it is of great interest to find novel therapeutic agents against cancer. Hence, we evaluated the effects of colloidal silver on MCF-7 human breast cancer cells growth. Methods Main reagents Penicillin-streptomycin solution, ficoll-hypaque solution, trypsin-EDTA solution, RPMI-1640 medium, Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium (DMEM/F-12), and 1% antibiotic-antimycotic solution were obtained from (Life Technologies GIBCO, Grand Island, NY, USA). Fetal bovine serum (FBS) was purchased from Sigma-Aldrich (St. Louis, MO).

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