Our findings indicate that P. amoebophila exploits its additional genetic repertoire (compared with the Chlamydiaceae), and that its elementary bodies are remarkably well equipped with proteins involved in transcription, translation, and energy generation.”
“Severe spinal cord injury leads to neurogenic bladder dysfunction. We recently developed a multisystem neuroprosthetic training program that promotes plastic changes capable of restoring refined locomotion in rats with severe spinal cord injury. We investigated whether multisystem neuroprosthetic training
would influence the development of posttraumatic bladder dysfunction.
Materials and Methods: Eight and 4 adult rats were randomly assigned to a spinal cord injury and an intact control group, respectively. Spinal cord injury consisted of 2 opposite lateral hemisections (T7 and T11), thus, interrupting all direct supraspinal input. After spinal cord injury Nec-1s cell line 4 rats were subjected to a multisystem neuroprosthetic training program and 4 were not trained. At 8 weeks we performed urodynamics and evaluated kidney function using creatinine and cystatin C. Bladder investigation included morphological, histological and immunohistochemical evaluations.
Bladder capacity increased threefold in trained and sevenfold in nontrained rats compared to intact rats. During filling we found a mean SEM of 2.7 +/- 1.1 vs 12.6 +/- 5.2 nonvoiding contractions in trained vs nontrained rats. Bladder morphology was similar LY294002 purchase in trained and intact rats. Nontrained rats showed detrusor hypertrophy, characterized by increased MLN0128 mouse detrusor thickness
and a decreased connective tissue-to-smooth muscle ratio. As labeled with protein gene product 9.5, general nerve density was significantly increased in trained and significantly decreased in nontrained rats. The relative proportion of neurofilament 200 positive afferent nerves was significantly lower in trained than in intact and nontrained rats. Neuropeptide Y positive fibers showed significantly lower density in nontrained rats.
Conclusions: Multisystem neuroprosthetic training effectively counteracts the formation of neurogenic bladder dysfunction after severe spinal cord injury and might contribute to preserving bladder function and preventing long-term complications in patients with severe spinal cord injury.”
“Increasing evidence suggests that dendritic cells (DCs) and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) participate in atherosclerosis. However, few data on the molecular mechanisms of this process are available. To address this question, we used iTRAQ labeling followed by LC-MS/MS analysis to identify many proteins that changed markedly during the maturation of dendritic cells stimulated with ox-LDL. Among a total of 781 identified proteins, 93 were upregulated and 100 were downregulated.