We investigated the relationship between the S-TOFHLA total score at the recommended 7-minute limit and with no time limit (NTL).
Methods and Results: We enrolled 612 rural-dwelling adults with HF (mean age 66.0 +/- 13.0 years, 58.8% male). Characteristics affecting health literacy were identified by multiple regression. Percentage of correct scores improved from 71% to 86% (mean percent change 15.1 +/- 18.1%) between the 7-minute and NIL scores. Twenty-seven
percent of patients PI3K inhibitor improved >= 1 literacy level with NTL scores (P < .001). Demographic variables explained 24.2% and 11.1% of the variance in % correct scores in the 7-minute and the NTL scores, respectively. Female gender, younger age, higher education, and higher income were related to higher scores.
Conclusion: Patients with HF AG-014699 may be inaccurately categorized as having low or marginal health literacy when the S-TOFHLA time limits are enforced. New ways to assess health literacy in older adults are needed. (J Cardiac Fail 2011;17:887-892)”
“BACKGROUNDTiO(2)-based heterogeneous photocatalysis is an effective way to degrade harmful refractory organic compounds. However, the rate of photocatalytic reaction is significantly decreased by film diffusion resistance and several other factors. To overcome this problem,
TiO2 immobilized on a stainless steel screen is hydrophobically treated using a (-aminopropyl) triethoxysilane-toluene solution and the performance of the silanized TiO2 for the photocatalytic decomposition of 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) is investigated.
RESULTSThe SYN-117 supplier reactant 2,4-DNP is slowly decomposed when its aqueous solution is treated using an unsilanized TiO2 screen without mixing the solution, whereas the rate of decomposition is certainly increased by use of a silanized TiO2 screen, and further increased by mixing the solution. The use of sunlight as a UV
light source provides a higher rate of decomposition than does the use of an artificial UV lamp. The rate of decomposition in a well-mixed solution is less affected up to 1.5 cm in solution depth.
CONCLUSIONSThe use of the TiO2 screen silanized with a 2% silane-toluene solution under liquid mixing decreases film diffusion resistance and facilitates rapid decomposition of 2,4-DNP. The simultaneous use of sunlight as a UV light source and a wind-powered propeller for liquid mixing is effective. (c) 2013 Society of Chemical Industry”
“In this paper we present a comparative study of the agglomeration process in silicon-on-insulator (SOI), silicon germanium-om-insulator (SGOI), and strained SOI (SSOI) thin layers under thermal annealing in ultrahigh vacuum. In particular, we provide the first evidence and characterization of agglomeration in SGOI and SSOI substrates. A common agglomeration dynamics is observed in all the substrates investigated, with the semiconductor-on-insulator layer thickness being the main parameter governing it.