Given the importance of Notch signaling in thymocyte development and T-ALL disease AR-13324 manufacturer progression, we hypothesized that
the activated AHR potentiates disease initiation and progression in an in vivo model of Notch1-induced thymoma. This hypothesis was tested utilizing adult and developmental exposure paradigms to TCDD in mice expressing a constitutively active Notch1 transgene (Notch(ICN-TG)). Following exposure of adult Notch(ICN-TG) mice to a single high dose of TCDD, we observed a significant increase in the efficiency of CD8 thymocyte generation. We next exposed pregnant mice to 3 mu g/kg of TCDD throughout gestation and lactation to elucidate effects of developmental AHR activation on later-life T cell development and T-ALL-like thymoma susceptibility induced by Notch1. We found that the vehicle-exposed Notch(ICN-TG) offspring have a peripheral T cell pool heavily biased
toward the CD4 lineage, while TCDD-exposed Notch(ICN-TG) offspring were biased toward the CD8 lineage. Furthermore, while the vehicle-exposed Thiazovivin NotchICN-TG mice showed increased splenomegaly and 13 to T cell ratios indicative of disease, mice developmentally exposed to TCDD were largely protected from disease. These studies support a model where developmental AHR activation attenuates later-life Notch1-dependent impacts on thymocyte development and disease progression. (C) 2015 Elsevier
Inc. All rights reserved.”
“We investigated various combination treatment regimens employing nilotinib with established chemotherapeutic agents (daunorubicin, mitoxantrone, etoposide and cytarabine) in imatinib-sensitive and -resistant BCR-ABL-positive LY2090314 inhibitor cells. Mitoxantrone or cytarabine showed synergism (CI < 1) in combination with nilotinib in imatinib-sensitive LAMA84 cells, whereas in imatinib-resistant LAMA84-R cells synergistic effects could be assessed for daunorubicin, mitoxantrone and etoposide when combined with nilotinib. In both imatinib-sensitive and -resistant K562 cells daunorubicin, mitoxantrone and etoposide demonstrated synergism in combination with nilotinib. Moreover, both daunorubicin and mitoxantrone led to synergistic antiproliferative effects when combined with nilotinib in imatinib-resistant Ba/F3 cells carrying point mutations in the ABL TK domain (E255K, E255V and T315I). Annexin V/propidium iodide staining revealed a significant enhancement of nilotinib-induced apoptosis in imatinib-resistant Ba/F3T315I and LAMA84-R cells upon combination with daunorubicin and mitoxantrone, respectively. Our results demonstrate the efficacy of combination treatment regimens employing nilotinib and established chemotherapeutic agents in improving antileukemic effects in imatinib-sensitive and imatinib-resistant cells.