Psychological theory building, which addresses mental processes underlying other-regarding behavior, is rare. Based on Relational Models
Theory (RMT, ) and Relationship Regulation Theory (RRT, ) it is proposed that moral motives influence individuals’ decision behavior in interpersonal situations via conscious and unconscious (automatic) processes. To test our propositions we selleck screening library developed the ‘Dyadic Solidarity Game’ and its solitary equivalent, the ‘Self-Insurance Game’. Four experiments, in which the moral motives “Unity” and “Proportionality” were manipulated, support the propositions made. First, it was shown that consciously activated moral motives (via framing of the overall goal of the experiment) and unconsciously activated moral motives (via subliminal priming) influence other-regarding behavior. Second, this influence was only found in interpersonal, not in solitary situations. Third, by combining the analyses of the two experimental games the extent to which participants apply the Golden Rule (“treat others how you wish to be treated”) could be established. Individuals with a “Unity” motive treated others like themselves, whereas individuals with a find more “Proportionality” motive gave others less then they gave themselves. The four experiments not only support the assumption
that morals matter in economic games, they also deliver new insights in how morals matter in economic decision making.”
“We report our experience in two cases of subchondral insufficiency fracture of the femoral head with a history of internal fixation of the femoral neck fracture. Both cases were young females CCI-779 clinical trial (26 and 43 years old, respectively). Their hip pain occurred more than 2 years and 1 year after
the primary surgical treatment, respectively. MRI revealed bone marrow edema pattern, as well as a low-intensity band on the T1-weighted images, which are commonly observed in osteonecrosis. However, the low-intensity bands were parallel to the subchondral bone end-plate, which are characteristic findings of subchondral insufficiency fracture. Both patients were administered anti-inflammatory drugs and/or bisphosphonate. One patient underwent a transtrochanteric curved varus osteotomy 1 year and 9 months after the onset, and the other healed without collapse of the femoral head. Our cases indicate that subchondral insufficiency fractures may need to be considered as one of the possible conditions after the internal fixation of a femoral neck fracture, in addition to posttraumatic osteonecrosis.”
“Nitrous Oxide (N2O), an ozone depleting greenhouse gas, is an observed intermediate in aqueous nitrate/nitrite reduction mediated by both natural microbial and synthetic laboratory catalysts. Because of our interest in catalytic nitrate/nitrite remediation, we have endeavored to develop a detailed concordant experimental/theoretical picture of N2O reduction with H-2 over a Pd catalyst in an aqueous environment.