REIC/Dkk-3 gene therapy is an attractive

REIC/Dkk-3 gene therapy is an attractive U0126 therapeutic tool for pancreatic

cancer. “
“Background and Aim:  Development of hepatic fibrosis is a complex process that involves oxidative stress (OS) and an altered balance between pro- and anti-apoptotic molecules. Since Bcl-2 overexpression preserves viability against OS, our objective was to address the effect of Bcl-2 overexpression in the hepatic stellate cells (HSC) cell-line CFSC-2G under acetaldehyde and H2O2 challenge, and explore if it protects these cells against OS, induces replicative senescence and/or modify extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling potential. Methods:  To induce Bcl-2 overexpression, HSC cell line CFSC-2G was transfected by lipofection technique. Green fluorescent protein-only CFSC-2G

cells were used as a control. Cell survival after H2O2 treatment and total protein oxidation were assessed. To determine cell cycle arrest, proliferation-rate, DNA synthesis and senescence were assessed. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), tissue-inhibitor of MMP (TIMP), transglutaminases (TG) and smooth muscle a-actin (α-SMA) were evaluated by western blot in response selleck compound to acetaldehyde treatment as markers of ECM remodeling capacity in addition to transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) mRNA. Results:  Cells overexpressing Bcl-2 survived ≈ 20% more than control cells when exposed to H2O2 and ≈ 35% proteins were protected from oxidation, but Bcl-2 did not slow proliferation or induced senescence. Bcl-2 上海皓元医药股份有限公司 overexpression did not change α-SMA levels, but it increased TIMP-1 (55%), tissue transglutaminases (tTG) (25%) and TGF-β mRNA (49%), when exposed to acetaldehyde, while MMP-13 content decreased (47%). Conclusions:  Bcl-2 overexpression protected HSC against oxidative stress but it did not induce

replicative senescence. It increased TIMP-1, tTG and TGF-β mRNA levels and decreased MMP-13 content, suggesting that Bcl-2 overexpression may play a key role in the progression of fibrosis in chronic liver diseases. “
“Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a progressive form of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease that can develop into cirrhosis, hepatic failure, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Although several metabolic pathways are disrupted and endogenous metabolites may change in NASH, the alterations in serum metabolites during NASH development remain unclear. To gain insight into the disease mechanism, serum metabolite changes were assessed using metabolomics with ultraperformance liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization–quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry and a conventional mouse NASH model induced by a methionine- and choline-deficient (MCD) diet. Significant decreases in serum palmitoyl-, stearoyl-, and oleoyl-lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) and marked increases in tauro-β-muricholate, taurocholate and 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12-HETE) were detected in mice with NASH.

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