This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board for use of Human Subjects of the University of Berne, Switzerland. Subjects A total of 28 athletes participated in this investigation. Table 1 represents the anthropometric data for the participants, Table 2 their pre-race training variables. The athletes were informed of the experimental risks and gave their informed written consent. Table 1 Comparison of pre-race age and anthropometry of the participants Amino acids (n = 14) Control (n = 14) Age (years) 42.4 (9.1) 45.1 (6.1) Body mass (kg)
72.1 (6.4) 75.1 (5.6) Body height (m) 1.74 (0.06) 1.80 (0.06) Lazertinib Body mass index (kg/m2) 23.5 (1.5) 22.9 (2.2) Percent body fat (%) 14.1 (3.0) 16.0 (4.5) Results are presented as mean (SD). No significant differences were found between the two groups. Table 2 Comparison of pre-race training and experience of the participants Amino acids (n = 14) Control (n = 14) Years as active runner 13.1 (9.4)
10.3 (8.3) Average BIX 1294 chemical structure weekly running volume (km) 81.6 (21.8) 60.0 (16.2) Average weekly running volume (h) 7.4 (2.3) 5.7 (2.0) Average speed in running during training (km/h) 10.9 (1.8) 11.2 (1.1) Number of finished 100 km runs 5.7 (5.1) (n = 10) 2.8 (2.3) (n = 8) Personal best time in a 100 km run (min) 601 (107) 672 (98) Results are presented as mean (SD). No significant differences were found between the two groups. Measurements and Calculations Ultra-runners volunteering for this investigation kept a comprehensive
training dairy, including recording their weekly training units in running, showing duration (minutes) and distance find more (kilometres), from inscription to the study until the start of the race. In addition, they Oxaprozin reported their number of finished 100 km runs including their personal best time in a 100 km. ultra-marathon. The personal best time was defined as the best time the athletes ever had achieved in their active career as an ultra-runner. The athletes who agreed to participate were randomly assigned to the amino acid supplementation group or the control group upon inscription to the study. In case an athlete withdrew, the next athlete filled the gap. Twenty-eight of the expected 30 athletes reported to the investigators at the race site, between 04:00 p.m. and 09:00 p.m. on June 12 2009. The athletes in the group using amino acid supplementation received, on the occasion of the pre-race measurements, a pre-packed package of amino acids in the form of a commercial brand of tablets (amino-loges®, Dr. Loges + Co. GmbH, 21423 Winsen (Luhe), Germany). The composition of the product is represented in Table 3. These athletes ingested 12 tablets one hour before the start of the race, and then four tablets at each of the 17 aid stations. The runners took a total of 80 tablets in the pockets of their race clothing. In total, they ingested 52.