“We study ballistic phonon transport and thermal conductance associated with six low-lying vibrational modes in a quadrate nanowire superlattice at low temperatures. The results show that the transmission rates of the six vibrational modes display periodic forbidden regions of frequencies and have different relations with geometrical details of the nanowire superlattice. The thermal conductances contributed from different vibrational modes show different characteristics.
click here On the basis of the theoretical analysis and calculated simulation, quantum restricted effects on ballistic thermal conductance in the quadrate nanowire superlattice are revealed. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3622590]“
“In the central nervous system, members of the Src family of tyrosine Geneticin kinases (SFKs) are widely expressed and are abundant in neurons. The purpose of this study is to examine whether glycogen synthase-3 (GSK-3) is involved in SFK inhibitor-induced apoptosis. PP2 and SU6656, SFK inhibitors, increased apoptotic cell death with morphological changes that were characterized by cell shrinkage, chromatin condensation, or nuclear fragmentation. Moreover, both activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3 were accompanied
by the cell death. GSK-3 inhibitors, such as alsterpaullone and SB216763, prevented the PP2-induced apoptosis. In addition, insulin-like growth factor-I prevented the PP2-induced cell death and PP2 inhibited phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK). Phosphorylation of FAK on Tyr 576 by Src activates FAK. These
results suggest that inhibition of SFK induces apoptosis possibly via blocking of FAK/phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase/Akt signaling pathway and activation of GSK-3 is involved in the cell death in rat cortical neurons.”
“Objective. MM-102 The aim of this prospective study was to analyze the efficacy of a new alar base cinch suture by comparing it with the commonly used cinch suture described by Schendel and Delaire in Dr. William Bell’s book.
Study design. Thirty-five patients submitted to maxillary impaction and/or advancements of >= 3 mm were randomly divided into 2 groups. Group 1 received an extra oral alar base cinch suture, and patients from group 2 received the classic intraoral suture. Alar and alar base width were measured before and after surgery in digital photographs, with the patient’s head in a submental oblique view. Data were reported as means and standard deviations, and difference between groups were determined using Welch t test. A P value of <.05 was considered to be statistically significant.
Results. Mean alar base widening was 1.38 mm in group 1 and 2.5 mm in group 2, and mean alar widening was 1.40 mm in group 1 and 2.31 mm in group 2. The difference was statistically significant (P < .05).